Dogs are highly active animals and so they are required to be fed with a highly nutritious food. As a pet owner you should know that one of the important aspects of pet care is to cautiously feed your pet dog with a balanced diet. In fact, both low and high intake of food can be fatal for the dog as many diseases are associated with it. You are rather advised to consult with a vet physician while making a diet chart for your pet dog. You must make sure that all the nutrients are included in their right proportions. The following are some essential nutrients for dogs that you are advised to include in the diet chart of your dog.
The Essential Nutrients for Dogs
Protein – The protein is one of the primary nutrients in a dog food. Protein consists of many chemicals like the amino acids that are responsible for causing the various body development functions. Protein promotes the development of muscles, bones, tissues and others. It also takes part in the muscle and tissue repairing tasks and controlling of immune functions. Though protein is important but make sure your dog is not over fed with it. Too much amount of protein causes kidney diseases and other temper related problems. Dogs that are very active and are under training sessions of rigorous physical exercise should be given a protein rich diet.
Fat – Fat helps in storing energy inside the body. Though not in large quantities, but fats are needed by your dog. Fats are important for the structure of the cells and for the secretion of several types of enzymes. Fat molecules take part in the insulation of the body organs. There are many important fatty acids like the Linoleic acid. The fatty acids like the Omega-6 and omega-3 are important for healing any form of inflation.
Carbohydrates – The carbohydrates are also responsible for providing energy to the body tissues. It especially helps in maintaining the proper functionality of the intestines and the reproduction system. A certain level of glucose should essentially be fed to the brain. Fibers are types of carbohydrates that balance the population of bacteria in the small intestine and reduce the occurrence of diarrhea to a great extent. Feed your dog with food items that consists of moderately fermented fiber. The food items of moderately fermented items include the wheat middling, corn and rice.
Vitamins – Vitamins should be given to dogs in small quantities. Excess vitamins may cause dry skin, pain in bones and joints and brittle bones. Many of the vitamins are not easily synthesized by the body. You can add vitamin supplements in measured dosage to the diet of your dog only when it is diagnosed to be suffering from any form of vitamin deficiency.
Minerals – Minerals are in organic substances and they should be added to the dog in adequate quantities. They help in the development of teeth, bones, maintaining body fluid balance and the metabolic process.
Water is also a good source of essential nutrients for dogs. Do not forget to refill the water bowl of your dog at regular intervals.